Establishment Of NADO

Establishing a National Anti-Doping Organization
The following provides a general guide for countries to establishing a Code-compliant NADO.

Step 1: Plan the NADO

Form a committee comprising officials or appointed representatives from the government, NOC and the national sporting organization to establish the NADO.

Step 2: Establish the NADO's authority and jurisdiction

The NADO's authority and jurisdiction must be compliant with the country's laws and legislation, and should at a minimum be able to:
  • Establish and implement anti-doping rules, policies and procedures that are Code-compliant.
  • Plan and carry out doping control testing, information and education activities and anti-doping research.

Step 3: Establish the NADO's mandate

The NADO's core mandate is to ensure doping-free sport. The mission statement should be a strong representation of the NADO's overall value to sport and purpose.

Step 4: Secure funding to support the NADO's operations and activities

Funding should be obtained from the government and/or NOC for the NADO's primary functions including, as a minimum:
  • overall administration of day-to-day operations
  • doping control testing program
  • core information activities

Step 5: Appoint a Governing Board

The NADO's Governing Board will have responsibility for:
  • hiring and evaluating the performance of the NADO's General Manager
  • approving and monitoring implementation of multi-year strategic plans and annual plans
  • approving budgets and monitoring related financial reports
  • developing and approving policies
The Governing Board should provide a combined core base of knowledge and experience in:
  • relevant medical and scientific issues
  • sports policies, and organization of sport systems and their operations at the national and international levels
  • the athlete's reality and perspective
  • information and education programs

Step 6: Ensure the NADO's independence
The NADO must be able to be impartial, objective and equitable in all of its anti-doping activities, especially to doping control. 

Establishing and maintaining the NADO's integrity will require ensuring it is an independent body, or be free from external control and influence, or any other interference by others who may stand to gain or lose from the NADO's activities.
After the establishing the NADO, the Governing Board has the responsibility to:
Step 7: Staff the NADO
NADO staff should have the required competencies, which at the basic level include knowledge, experience and proficiency in three key areas:
  • general management and administration of organizations
  • planning and implementation of doping control testing programmes
  • planning and implementation of information and education programmes
Step 8: Establish and document the NADO's anti-doping rules

The NADO must establish, document and implement national level anti-doping rules that meet the mandatory requirements of the Code and the International Standards. These anti-doping rules will also need to address:

  • any government laws, regulations or policies that could affect implementation of the rules
  • who the anti-doping rules apply to (for example, National Sport Federations will adopt or ensure consistency with the NADO's rules)
  • the authority and means that will allow that application to be effective (for example, National Sport Federations' membership requirements for athletes and athlete support personnel include adhering to the NADO's rules)

Step 9: Accept the World Anti-Doping Code
The NADO becomes a signatory of the Code by signing a declaration of acceptance that has been approved by the Governing Board and submitting the declaration to WADA with the NADO's anti-doping rules and policies for WADA's review.
Step 10: Appoint required committees
To be Code compliant, the Governing Board needs to appoint the following independent committees and its respective processes:
  • A Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) committee and the TUE review process
  • A national Disciplinary panel and a fair hearing process
  • A national Appeals panel and the appeals process